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Avrainvillamide and Stephacidins A & B   

15 June 2006 13,239 views 13 Comments

Stephacidin B.jpg

Baran, Hafensteiner, Ambhaikar, Guerrero, and Gallagher. JACS, 2006, ASAP. DOI: 10.1021/ja061660s.

Detailing their syntheses of three related natural products in this article, Phil Baran’s group have been working rather hard on this funky dimeric natural product. Created via the spontaneous dimerisation of avrainvillamide, their synthesis of this series is incredibly compact. To the business end:

Stephacidin B_2.jpg

Thus, the synthesis plan now requires a construction of the monomeric unit, which begins with an impressive piece of new technology. Using palladium catalysis, they have developed a route to substituted tryptophans from simple precursors, inspired by some work published by Merck (DOI: 10.1021/jo970278i). After optimisation, they isolated the desired tryptophan in 75%.
Stephacidin B_3.jpg

Using this product, deprotection/protection led to the precursor for their benzopyran formation, which, itself, was created by propargylation of the free alcohol using an interesting literature procedure (doi:10.1016/S0040-4020(03)00862-7), involving generation of a vinylidene carbene generated in situ from propargylic carbonate, base, and catalytic CuCl.

Stephacidin B_4.jpg

All in, this is some pretty neat work. I urge you to read the paper (all sixteen pages!) – it’s top stuff!

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